Topics: Friends S09E14 : The One With The Blind Dates Subtitles.
Vichy France ( French : Régime de Vichy ) is the common name of the French State ( État français ) headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain during World War II. It represents the unoccupied "Free Zone" ( zone libre ) in the southern part of metropolitan France and French North Africa.
In 1940, Marshal Pétain was known as a First World War hero, the victor of the battle of Verdun. As the last premier of the Third Republic, being a reactionary by inclination, he blamed the Third Republic's democracy for France's sudden defeat by Germany. He set up a paternalistic, authoritarian regime that actively collaborated with Germany, Vichy's official neutrality notwithstanding. The Vichy government cooperated with the Nazis' racial policies.
On 11 November 1942, following the landing of the Allies in North Africa ( Operation Torch ), the Axis launched Operation Anton , occupying southern France and disbanding the strictly limited " Armistice Army " that Vichy had been allowed by the armistice.