Topics: Japanese Friends - Japanese Penpals & Language Exchange
The Japanese tea ceremony , also called the Way of Tea , is a Japanese cultural activity involving the ceremonial preparation and presentation of matcha (抹茶), powdered green tea.
In Japanese , it is called chanoyu ( 茶の湯 ) or sadō, chadō ( 茶道 ) , while the manner in which it is performed, or the art of its performance, is called (o)temae ( [お]手前; [お]点前 ).  Zen Buddhism was a primary influence in the development of the Japanese tea ceremony. Much less commonly, Japanese tea ceremony uses leaf tea, primarily sencha , in which case it is known in Japanese as senchadō ( 煎茶道 , the way of sencha) as opposed to chanoyu or chadō; see sencha tea ceremony , below.
Tea gatherings are classified as an informal tea gathering chakai ( 茶会 , tea gathering) and a formal tea gathering chaji ( 茶事 , tea event). A chakai is a relatively simple course of hospitality that includes confections, thin tea , and perhaps a light meal. A chaji is a much more formal gathering, usually including a full-course kaiseki meal followed by confections, thick tea , and thin tea. A chaji can last up to four hours.